八年级上册英语知识点总结归纳(人教版初二上册英语知识点总结)

八年级上册英语知识点总结归纳(人教版初二上册英语知识点总结)

八年级上册英语知识点总结归纳(人教版初二上册英语知识点总结)

请求八年级上册go?for?it?英语的知识点总结


新目标八年级英语上册第一单元复习

I. 应掌握的词组:

1. go to the movies 去看电影

2. look after=take care of 照顾

3. surf the internet 上网

4. healthy lifestyle 健康的生活方式

5. go skate boarding 去划板

6. keep healthy=stay healthy 保持健康

7. exercise=take (much) exercise

=do sports锻炼

8. eating habits 饮食习惯

9. take more exercise 做更多的运动

10. the same as 与什么相同

11. once a month一月一次

12. be different from 不同

13. twice a week一周两次

14. make a difference to 对什么有影响

15. how often 多久一次

16. although=though虽然

17. most of the students=most students

大多数学生

18. shop=go shopping

=do some shopping 购物

19. as for至于

20. activity survey活动调查

21. do homework做家庭作业

22. do housework做家务事

23. eat less meat吃更少的肉

24. junk food垃圾食物

25. be good for 对什么有益

26. be bad for对什么有害

27. want to do sth 想做某事

28. want sb to do sth想某人做某事

29. try to do sth 尽量做某事

30. come home from school放学回家

31. of course=certainly=sure当然

32. get good grades取得好成绩

33. some advice

34. help sb to do sth帮助某人做某事

=help sb with sth

35. a lot of vegetables

=many vegetables许多蔬菜

36. hardly=not nearly / almost not几乎不

37. keep/be in good health保持健康

II. 应掌握的句子:

1. How often do you exercise? 你(你们)多久锻炼一次身体?

How often + 助动词do(does或did) + 主语 + do sth.? 疑问词how often是问频率(多久一次),(在这里助动词do(does或did) 是起帮助构成疑问的作用)与一般现在时或一般过去时连用,回答一般是用表示频率的副词,如:once, twice, three times…, sometimes, often, quite, often, never, every day, once a week , twice a month , three times a month , three or four times a month 等。

翻译:“你们多久到工厂去一次?”“每星期两次。”

(“How often do you go to the factory?” “Twice a week. ”)

“他们多长时间举办一次舞会?”“通常每两周举办一次。”

(“How often do they have a dancing party?” “Usually, once every other week.”)

“他多久去购一次物?”“一个月一次。”

(“How often does he go shopping?” “He goes shopping once a month.”)

2. “What do you usually do on weekends?” “ I usually play soccer.”

“周末你通常做什么?”“我通常踢足球。”

第一个do为助动词, 在这起帮助构成疑问的作用;而第二个do则是实义动词。

翻译:What do you usually do on weekends? I often go to the movies.

What does she usually do on weekends? She sometimes go hiking.

3. “What’s your favorite program?” “It’s Animal World.”

“你最喜欢什么节目?”“动物世界。”

4. As for homework , most students do homework every day .

as for...意思是“至于;关于”,常用于句首作状语,其后跟名词、代词或动词的

-ing形式(即动名词)。如:

As for him,I never want to see him here. 至于他,我永远不希望在这里见到。

As for the story,you'd better not believe it. 关于那故事,你最好不要相信。

翻译:至于我自己,我现在不想去。

(As for myself, I don’t want to go now. )

至于那个人,我什么都不知道。

(As for the man, I know nothing about him.)

5. Mom wants me to get up at 6:00 and play ping-pong with her .

want to do sth. 意思是“想要做某事”;

want sb. to do sth.意思是“想要某人做某事”。如:

Do you want to go to the movies with me?你想和我一起去看电影吗?

The teacher doesn't want us to eat hamburgers.老师不想让我们吃汉堡包。

6. She says it’s good for my health.

be good for...表示“对……有益(有好处)”;其反义为:be bad for...。(这里for 是

介词,后跟名词、代词或动名词)如:

It's good for us to do more reading. 多读书对我们有好处。

Reading in bed is bad for your eyes.在床上读书对你的眼睛有害。

7. How many hours do you sleep every night?

8. I exercise every day , usually when I come home from school .

9. My eating habits are pretty good . 这里pretty相当于very 。

10. I try to eat a lot of vegetables , usually ten to eleven times a week .

try to do sth.表示“ 尽力做某事 ” ,不包含是否成功的意思而try doing sth.表示

“(用某一办法)试着去做某事”。如:

You’d better try doing the experiment in another way.

你最好试试用另一种方法做这个试验。

11. My healthy lifestyle helps me get good grades.

help sb.(to) do sth.帮助某人做某事

12. Good food and exercise help me to study better.

这里better是well的比较级,而不是good的比较级

13. Is her lifestyle the same as yours or different?

=Is her lifestyle the same as your lifestyle or is her lifestyle different from yours? be the same as … / be different from …

14. What sports do you play ?

15. A lot of vegetables help you to keep in good health .

keep in good health = keep healthy = stay healthy

16. You must try to eat less meat .

try to do sth.表示“ 尽力做某事 ” ,不包含是否成功的意思,less是little的比较级

17. That sounds interesting.

这是“主语+系动词+表语”结构的简单句。sound(听起来),look(看起来),smell

(闻起来),taste(尝起来),feel(觉得),seem(好象),grow(变得),get

(变得)等词在英语中可用作系动词,后跟形容词作表语。如:

It tastes good. 这味道好。

The music sounds very sweet. 这音乐听起来很入耳。

The smoke grew heavier and heavier. 烟雾变得越来越浓了。

仁爱版英语八年级上的语法知识点归纳


Unit 2 Topic 1?1.??????? have / catch s cold感冒;?2.??????? see a dentist 看牙医;?3.??????? have a toothache 牙痛?4.??????? have a fever 高烧?5.??????? have the flu 流感?6.??????? have a sore eyes 眼睛痛?7.??????? stay in bed 卧床休息?8.??????? have a good sleep 睡得好?9.??????? take / have a rest = take / have a break 休息一下?10.??? take some medicine 吃药?11.??? have a terrible/ bad cold 得重感昌?12.??? day and night 日日夜夜?13.??? not so well 不太好?14.??? lie down 躺下?15.??? brush the teeth刷牙?16.??? take care of = look after= care for 照顾;照料?17.??? check over = look over 检查?18.??? It’s nothing serious 没什么?19.??? two pills each time 一次两片?20.??? much better 好得多?21.??? have an accident 发生意外?22.??? hurt a lot 伤得重?23.??? worry about 担心?24.??? ice cream 冰激淋?25.??? plenty of =a lot of =lots of 许多大量?26.??? boiled water 开水?27.??? do exercise 做练习?28.??? care for = like 喜欢?29.??? take care = be careful = look out 小心?Topic 2?1.??? ????go to bed 睡觉?2.??????? stay up 熬夜?3.??????? be bad for 对……有坏外?4.??????? play sports 做运动?5.??????? give up doing 放弃做某事?6.??????? at night 在夜晚?7.??????? in the sun 在阳光下?8.??????? throw ----- about 乱扔?9.??????? during the day = in the daytime 在白天?10.??? be necessary for对……来说是必需的?11.??? have a +部位ache = have a pain in +部位????? ……疼?12.??? get headaches often经常头痛?13.??? see ----- off 为……送行?14.??? by mistake 错误地?15.??? ask for +时间段’s leave 请几天的假?16.??? need to do sth 需要去做……?17.??? get into 进入?18.??? tidy rooms 打扫房间?19.??? sweep the floor 扫地?20.??? as we know 正如我们所知?21.??? in different ways 用不同的方法?22.??? too much + 不可数名词?23.??? too many +可数名词复数?24.??? walk to 走着去某地?25.??? less than 不如?Topic 3?1.??????? hurry up 赶快?2.??????? go ahead 开始干吧?3.??????? do some cleaning 做清扫工作;打扫房间?4.??????? all the time 一直?5.??????? keep away from 远离……?6.??????? just a moment 等一下?7.??????? call / ring? sb up = give sb a call / ring 给某人打电话?8.??????? since then 从那时起?9.??????? Chinese medicine 中药?10. ???call back 回话?11.??? 时间段+later?? 多久之后?12.??? get through 通过?13.??? give sb the message 给某人捎信?14.??? take a message 捎信?15.??? come back 回来?16.??? go roller skating 滑旱冰?17.??? It’s one’s duty to do sth 做某事是某人的责任?18.??? long time no see 很久没见?19.?? ?teach oneself = learn ---- by oneself 自学?20.??? tell story 讲故事?21.??? water the flowers? 浇花?22.??? cook for 为……做饭?23.??? play with 和……一起玩

人教版初二上册英语知识点总结


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原发布者:三一图表

三一文库(www.31doc.com)/初中二年级〔英语八年级上册复习提纲[1]〕P[Unit1Wheredidyougoonvacation?Activities:(写出动词过去式)goonvacation去度假beonvacation度假stayathome待在家里gotothemountains去爬山gotothebeach去海滩visitmuseums参观博物馆gotosummercamp去参观夏令营quiteafew相当多studyfor为……而学习goout出去mostofthetime大部分时间tastegood尝起来很好吃haveagoodtime玩得高兴ofcourse当然feellike给……的感觉;感受到feellikedoingsthgoshopping去购物inthepast在过去walkaround四处走走becauseof因为onebowlof…一碗……thenextday第二天drinktea喝茶findout找出;查明goon继续takephotos照相somethingimportant重要的事upanddown上上下下eup出来不定代词有all,each,both,either,neither,one,none,little,few,many,much,other,another,some,any,no,(a)few,(a)little,both,enough,every等,以及由some,any,no和every构成的合成代词(即somebody,anyone,nothing等)。在这些不定代词中,多数都能作主语、宾语、表语或定语,但是代词none以及由some,any,no和every构成的合成代词只能作主语、宾语或表语,不能作定语,而no和every则只用作定语。复合不定代词:由some,any,no,every加上-body,-one,-thing构成的不定代词,叫做复合不定代词。somebody=someone某人something某物,某事anybody=anyone任何人anything什么事物,任何事物,无论什么事物nobody

八年级上册英语第二单元知识点总结


Unit 2 what’s the matter?

一.重点短语归纳

1. foot---feet 脚 <复> tooth---teeth 牙齿 <复>

2. have a cold 感冒

3. have a stomachache 胃疼

4. have a sore back背疼

5. have a sore throat喉咙疼

6. have a fever发烧

7. lie down and (have a)rest 躺下休息 have a rest 休息

8. hot tea with honey 加蜜的热茶

9. see a dentist 看牙医 see a doctor 看医生

10.drink lots of water多喝水

11.lots of ,a lot of, a lot

a lot of=lots of,可以修饰可数名词复数和不可数名词,一般用在肯定句中。:

There are lots of ( a lot of) books in our library.

There is a lot of water on the ground

a lot,是一个副词词组,跟动词连用;表示十分,很等意思; Thanks a lot.

12. have a toothache牙疼

13. That’s a good idea好主意

14. go to bed 去睡觉 go to bed early 早上床睡觉

15. feel well感到好 feel ill 感到不舒服

I don’t feel well= I’m not feeling well

我感觉不舒服.

16. start doing/ to do sth开始做某事

TO DO 是一件事情完成了,开始做另外一件事情

DOING是原来的那件事情做到一半,现在又开始做了,是同一件事情。

17. two days ago两天前

18. get some rest 多休息, 休息一会儿

19. I think so我认为是这样

20. be thirsty口渴

21. be hungry 饥饿

22. be stressed out紧张

23. listen to music听音乐

24. healthy lifestyle健康的生活方式

25. traditional Chinese doctors传统中医

26. need to do sth 需要做某事

I have a toothache. I need to see a dentist. 我牙痛, 我需要去看牙医.

We need to keep our classroom clean. 我们需要保持教室的干净.

27. a balance of yin and yang阴阳平衡

28. for example例如

29. too much yin太多的阴, 阴气太盛

too much + 不可数名词 太多的…

much too +形/副 实在太… 极其,非常

too many + 可数名词复数 太多的…

30.be good for sth./ doing sth. 对什么有益 ,对什么有好处

be bad for sth./ doing sth. 对什么有害

be good to 对…好

be good at =do well in 在……方面好,擅长

be good(bad) for、be good at的相关用法

1.be good for 对......有益

Doing morning exercises is good for your health.

做早操对你们的建康有益。

2.be good at 擅长于......

Li Ping is good at basketball.   李平擅长于篮球。

= Li Ping is good at playing basketball.   李平擅长于打篮球。

be good at = do well in 如:

I\'m good at math. = I do well in math.   我擅长于数学。

3.be good to 对......好

Parents are always good to their children.父母亲总是对他们的孩子好。 31.get good grades 取得好成绩

32.angry 用法 be angry with sb生某人的气

I was angry with him for keeping me waiting. 我对他很生气,因为他让我等了好久。

be angry at/ about sth 就某事生气

33.Chinese medicine 中药

34.be popular in + some place 在某地很流行

Chinese medicine is now popular in many western countries. 现在中药在许多西方国家受欢迎。

35.in western countries在西方国家

36.It’s easy to do sth做某事是容易的。 It’s important to do sth . 做某事很重要。

37.balanced diet平衡饮食

38.get tired 感到疲倦 be/get tired

39.go out at night在晚上出去

When you are tired, you shouldn’t go out at night. 疲倦时,晚上你不该外出

40.stay healthy 保持健康 =keep healthy=keep in good health

41.at the moment此时,此刻= now

I’m not feeling very well at the moment

42.enjoy sth. =like sth. (名词)喜欢某物,

enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事=like dong sth

enjoy oneself (myself, yourself,herself, himself, themselves, ourselves, itself

反身代词) 玩得高兴,过得愉快=have a good time = have a wonderful time =have fun

43. conversation practice会话练习

44. host family 寄宿家庭

45. have a lot of headaches经常疼痛

I’m tired and I have a lot of headaches. 我很疲劳,而且经常头痛。

46. a few + 可数名词复数 少许…

a little + 不可数名词/形/副 一点…

47.He shouldn’t eat anything

=He should eat nothing. 他不应当吃任何东西.

48.give sb some advice给某人建议give advice 提出建议

advice 是不可数名词

a piece of advice 一则建议 take one’s advice 采纳或听从某人的建议

He gave me some good advice.

他向我提了一些很好的意见。

49.sleep 8 hours a night每晚睡眠八小时

50.take medicine 吃药 服药

I have to take medicine three times a day for my cold.因为感冒,我不得不一天吃三次药。

二 固定结构

It’s +形 + for sb. + to do sth.

做某事对某人来说是…的。

It’s important to do sth .做某事很重要。

It’s important for me to eat a balanced diet. 平衡饮食对我来说是很重要的.

It’s easy to do sth做某事是容易的。

It’s easy for us to find out the answer. 找出答案对我们来说是容易的

三.重点句子

1.What’s the matter ? What’s the mater with you ? 你怎么啦?

=What’s the trouble with you?=What’s wrong with you?

I have a cold / have a sore back / have a stomachache

2.That’s too bad. You should / shouldn’t … 那太糟糕了. 你应该/不该…

You should lie down and rest / drink hot tea with honey / see a dentist / see a doctor .

He shouldn’t eat anything = He should eat nothing. 他不应当吃任何东西.

3.I’m not felling well . 这里well表示身体状况,不能用good代替

I don’t feel well= I’m not feeling well 我感觉不舒服.

4.When did it start ? About two days ago . 什么时候开始的?大约两天前

5.I hope you fell better soon . 我希望你很快好起来

这里better是well的比较级

6.Traditional Chinese doctors believe we need a balance of yin and yang to be healthy. 传统中医认为我们需要阴阳调和以保持身体健康。

这里 to be healthy是动词不定式短语,作目的状语

7.You should eat hot yang foods, like beef. 你应该吃一些像牛肉之类的阳性食物。

8.Eating Dangshen and Huangqi herbs is also good for this.

吃党参和黄芪等草本植物也对这有好处。

9.People who are too stressed out and angry may have too much yang.

太紧张易怒的人或许吃了太多的阳性食物。too much后跟不可数名词,而too many后跟可数名词复数

10.It’s easy to have a healthy lifestyle ,and it’s important to eat a balanced diet . 有一个健康的生活方式很容易,饮食平衡是很重要的。

→ It’s easy to do sth . 做某事容易 / It’s important to do sth . 做某事重要

11.You should rest for a few nights. 你应该休息几个晚上

12.I study late every night, sometimes until 2 am, but I don’t think I’m improving.

我每天晚上学到很晚,有时到凌晨2点钟,但我认为我没有提高。

13believe in 信任某人,强调品质,believe sb.相信某人的话

I believe him, but I can’t believe in him. 他的话是真的,但是我不信任他这个人。

14 .I have a toothache . I need to see a dentist .

→ need意思为 “需要” ,作实义动词时,后跟动词不定式,否定式为don’t /doesn’t / didn’t need (to do sth.) ;作情态动词时,只能用于否定句或疑问句中,否定式为needn’t(do sth.) ,除有过去式外,没有其它的形态变化

四.知识结构

○1.情态动词should的用法

should是情态动词,它的基本用法是必须和其他动词一起构成谓语。情态动词没有人称和数的变化,意为\"应该......\"。

should(应当,应该)用于所有人称,表示劝告或建议。

eg. You should wait a little more.

你应该再多等一会儿。

--- I have a very bad cold.我感冒很厉害。

--- You should lie down and have a rest.你应该躺下,多喝水。

○2maybe与may be

1.maybe是副词,译为“也许、可能”,相当于“perhaps”。如:

Maybe he can answer the question.   也许他能回答那个问题。

He maybe is from the USA, too.    他可能也来自美国。

2.may be中的may为情态动词,译为“可能是......”。如:

He may be from the USA, too.    他可能也来自美国。

She may be our English teacher.   她可能是我们的英语老师

○3too many,too much与much too

1.too many意为“太多”,用于修饰可数名词的复数。如:

There are too many students in our class.  我们班上有太多的学生。

2.too much意为“太多”,用于修饰不可数名词。如:

We have too much work to do.    我们有太多的工作要做。

3.much too表示“太”,用来修饰形容词或副词。如:

The box is much too heavy, so I can\'t carry it.

箱子太重了,所以我搬不动它。

○4 few、a few、little、a little的区别和联系:

1.few / a few用来修饰可数名词,few表示否定意义,没有,几乎没有;a few表示有肯定意思, 有几个。 例如:

He has few friends here, he feels lonely. 他这里没朋友,他感觉寂寞。

There are a few eggs in the basket.篮子里有几个鸡蛋。

2.little / a little用来修饰不可数名词,little表示否定意思,没有,几乎没有。

a little 表示肯定意思,有一点儿。 例如:

There is little ink in my bottle, can you give me a little ink?

我的瓶子里没有墨水了,你能给我点儿墨水吗?

○5 not…until 直到 …(否定句) 才,动词为短暂性或瞬间性动词

She didn’t leave until we came.

He went shopping after he got up.

=He didn’t go shopping until /before he got up.

……until/till 直到??? (肯定句)动词为延续性动词

We stayed here till/until 12 o’clock.

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